HDC was established earlier in 1978 during the reign of the late Amir, H.H. Shaikh Isa Bin Salman Al Khalifa, by directions of H.M. King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, when he was Crown Prince. The centre was then included within his Crown Prince Court because of his keenness and interest in history, heritage and the civilization of ancient Bahrain.
Due to the wisdom and insight of H.M. the King, and according to Article III of the Royal Order No. (18)/2008, the centre was certified as an essential component of Isa Cultural Centre. It seeks to be a hub for the local and global historians and researchers, hence being an active contributor in consolidating and strengthening Arab-Islamic identity of the Kingdom of Bahrain.